Accurate Education, Supplements – Vitamins & Minerals Recommended Intake

Vitamins

 

See also:

Vitamin D

Minerals

Mitochondrial Dysfunction

NRF2 Activators

Nicotinamide Riboside

 

Purchasing Supplements

When purchasing supplements reviewed on this web site and discussed with Dr. Ehlenberger, a discount on usual commercial pricing can be obtained by purchasing from Accurate Clinic’s online Supplement Store after acquiring the discount code from Accurate Clinic:

 

Accurate Clinic’s Supplement Store

 

or call Toll-Free:

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(Option 2)

 

 

Educational Resources

  1.    Resources for Help

 

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“Who, except the gods, can live time through forever without any pain?”

Aeschylus (BC 525-BC 456), Greek dramatist.

Vitamins

Key:

Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
Upper Tolerable Limit (UL)
Adequate Intake (AI)

Boron
    RDA: Not determined
    UL: 20 mg/day

Calcium  

    RDA:

      Age 1-3: 700 mg/day    

      Age 19-50: 1,000 mg/day

      Age 4-8: 1,000 mg/day   

      Age 9-18: 1,300 mg/day

      Women age 51+: 1,200 mg/day
      Men age 71+: 1,200 mg/day

    UL:

      Age 19-50: 2,500 mg/day

      Age 51 and up: 2,000 mg/day

Chloride       

    RDA:

      Age 19-50: 2,300 mg/day   
      Age 50-70: 2,000 mg/day
      Age 70 and older: 1,800 mg/day

    UL: 3,600 mg/day

Choline

(Vitamin B complex)

    RDA:

      Age 70 and older: 1,800 mg/day 

      Women: 425 mg/day *    

    UL: 3,500 mg/day

Copper

    RDA: 900 micrograms/day   

    UL: 10,000 micrograms/day

Fluoride

    RDA:

      Men: 4 mg/day *    10 mg/day
      Women: 3 mg/day *

    UL:   10 mg/day 

Folic Acid**

(Folate) 

    RDA: 400 micrograms/day   

    UL: 1,000 micrograms (1mg) /day

      This applies only to synthetic folic acid in supplements or fortified foods. There is no upper limit for      

      folic acid from natural sources.    

Iodine

    RDA: 150 micrograms/day  

    UL: 1,100 micrograms/day        

Iron**

    RDA:

      Men: 8 mg/day   
      Women age 19-50: 18 mg/day
      Women age 51 and up: 8 mg/day

    UL: 45 mg/day

Magnesium

    RDA:

      Men age 19-30: 400 mg/day   
      Men age 31 and up: 420 mg/day 

      Women age 19-30: 310 mg/day 

      Women age 31 and up: 320 mg/day 

    UL: 350 mg/day

      This applies only to magnesium in supplements or fortified foods. There is no upper limit for  

      magnesium in food and water.

 

Manganese

    RDA:

      Men: 2.3 mg/day *   
      Women: 1.8 mg/day*

    UL: 11 mg/day

Molybdenum

    RDA: 45 micrograms/day    

    UL2,000 micrograms/day

Nickel

    RDANot determined

    UL 1.0 mg/day     

Phosphorus 

    RDA 700 mg/day

    UL

      Up to age 70: 4,000 mg/day
      Over age 70: 3,000 mg/day

Selenium

    RDA 55 micrograms/day

    UL400 micrograms/day

Sodium

    RDA:

      Age 19-50: 1,500 mg/day   
      Age 51-70: 1,300 mg/day
      Age 71 and up: 1,200 mg/day

    UL: 2,300 mg/day

Vanadium

    RDANot determined   

    UL: 1.8 mg/day

Zinc

    RDA:

      Men: 11 mg/day
      Women: 8 mg/day   

    UL: 40 mg/day

Vitamins
 

Vitamin A

    RDA:

      Men: 3,000 IU/day
      Women: 2,310 IU/day

    UL: 10,000 IU/day

Vitamin B1**

(Thiamine)

    RDA:

      men 14 years and older: 1.2 mg  
      women over 18 years,:1.1 mg
      pregnant women: 1.4 mg    
      breast-feeding women: 1.5 mg

    UL: Not identified

Vitamin B2**

(Riboflavin)

    RDA:

      1 – 13 years: 0.5-0.9 mg/day       
      Males age 14 and older: 1.3 mg/day
      Females age 14 to 18 years: 1.0 mg/day
      Females age 19 and older: 1.1 mg/day

    UL: Not identified

Vitamin B3**

(Niacin)

    RDA:

      Men: 16 mg/day   
      Women: 14 mg/day   

    UL: 35 mg/day

      (This applies only to niacin in supplements or fortified foods. There is no upper limit for niacin in natural sources.)

 

Vitamin B6

(Pyridoxine) 

    RDA:

      Men age 19-50: 1.3 mg/day  
      Men age 51 up:1.7 mg/day
      Women age 19-50: 1.3 mg/day
      Women age 51 up: 1.5 mg/day

    UL: 100 mg/day

Vitamin C

    RDA:

      Men: 90 mg/day   
      Women: 75 mg/day

    UL: 2,000 mg/day

Vitamin D

(Calciferol) 

    RDA:

      Age 1-70: 15 micrograms/day  (600 IU, or international units) *  
      Age 70 and older:  20 micrograms/day (800 IU) *
      National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends 800-1,000 IU for age >60

    UL: 100 micrograms/day  (4,000 IU)

 

Vitamin E

(alpha-tocopherol) 

    RDA:  22.4 IU/day  
       This applies only to vitamin E in supplements or fortified foods. There is no upper limit for vitamin E from natural sources.

    UL: (1,500 IU/day)

 
** Added to flour in U.S. as “Vitamin enriched”

 References

 

Vitamin Supplements – Overview:

  1.    Evaluating Supplements

 

Vitamins – Recommended Daily Allowaces

  1.    Vitamin Recommend Diet Allowance (RDA)

Vitamins – Multi

  1.    Multi-Nutrient Supplements

 

Metanx

  1. Metanx – Overview

 

Metanx – Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DPN)

  1. Epidermal Nerve Fiber Density and Small Fiber Neuropathy
  2. Improvement of cutaneous sensitivity in diabetic peripheral neuropathy with combination L-methylfolate, methylcobalamin, and pyridoxal 5′-phosphate. – PubMed – NCBI
  3. Metanx in type 2 diabetes with peripheral neuropathy: a randomized trial. – PubMed – NCBI

 

Metanx – Diabetic Retinopathy

  1. Intervention with vitamins in patients with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy – a pilot study
  2. Metanx and early stages of diabetic retinopathy. – PubMed – NCBI

 

 

Vitamins – Individual

 

 Biotin

  1. Biotin –  Overview

 

Folate (Vitamin B9)

 

Nicotinamide. Riboside NR (Niacel)

 

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 – Overviews

  1. Vitamin B12 – Overview
  2. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Vitamin B12 — Health Professional Fact Sheet
  3. Update on Vitamin B12 Deficiency
  4. Vegetarian lifestyle and monitoring of vitamin B-12 status. – PubMed – NCBI

 

Vitamin B12 – Depression

  1. Effects of high-dose B vitamin complex with vitamin C and minerals on subjective mood and performance in healthy males
  2. Longitudinal association of vitamin B-6, folate, and vitamin B-12 with depressive symptoms among older adults over time

 

Vitamin B12 – Low Back Pain

  1. Intramuscular Vitamin B12 Injections for Treating Chronic Low Bac
  2. Methylcobalamin – A Potential Vitamin Pain Killer
  3. The efficacy and safety of intramuscular injections of methylcobalamin in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain – a randomised controlled trial.
  4. Vitamin B12 in low back pain: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study – 2000

 

Vitamin B12 – Metformin

  1. Vitamin B12 Status in Metformin Treated Patients – Systematic Review

 

Vitamin B12 –Peripheral Neuropathy

  1. Epidermal Nerve Fiber Density and Small Fiber Neuropathy
  2. Improvement of cutaneous sensitivity in diabe… [Rev Neurol Dis. 2010] – PubMed – NCBI
  3. The effects of vitamin B12 and diclofenac and their combination on cold and mechanical allodynia in a neuropathic pain model in rats
  4. A systematic review and meta-analysis of alpha-lipoic acid in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy – PubMed Health
  5. Effect of mecobalamin on diabetic neuropathies
  6. Improvement of cutaneous sensitivity in diabetic peripheral neuropathy with combination L-methylfolate, methylcobalamin, and pyridoxal 5′-phosphate. – PubMed – NCBI
  7. Metanx in type 2 diabetes with peripheral neuropathy: a randomized trial. – PubMed – NCBI
  8. Meta-analysis of methylcobalamin alone and in combination with lipoic acid in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. – PubMed – NCBI
  9. Vitamin B12 may be more effective than nortriptyline in improving painful diabetic neuropathy. – PubMed – NCBI

 

Vitamin B12 – Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIS) – (Nexium, Prilosec etc.)

  1. Potential gastrointestinal effects of long-term acid suppression with proton pump inhibitors
  2. low Vitamin B12 in Trigeminal Neuralgia

 

Vitamin C

  1. Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) Summary
  2. Vitamin C – MedlinePlus
  3. Vitamin C Sources

 

Vitamin D

  1. Vitamin D – Overview

  

 

Vitamins – Obesity

  1. Vitamin status in morbidly obese patients – a cross-sectional study – 2008

 

Emphasis on Education

 

Accurate Clinic promotes patient education as the foundation of it’s medical care. In Dr. Ehlenberger’s integrative approach to patient care, including conventional and complementary and alternative medical (CAM) treatments, he may encourage or provide advice about the use of supplements. However, the specifics of choice of supplement, dosing and duration of treatment should be individualized through discussion with Dr. Ehlenberger. The following information and reference articles are presented to provide the reader with some of the latest research to facilitate evidence-based, informed decisions regarding the use of conventional as well as CAM treatments.

 

For medical-legal reasons, access to these links is limited to patients enrolled in an Accurate Clinic medical program.

 

Should you wish more information regarding any of the subjects listed – or not listed –  here, please contact Dr. Ehlenberger. He has literally thousands of published articles to share on hundreds of topics associated with pain management, weight loss, nutrition, addiction recovery and emergency medicine. It would take years for you to read them, as it did him.

 

For more information, please contact Accurate Clinic.

 

Supplements recommended by Dr. Ehlenberger may be purchased commercially online or at Accurate Clinic.

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